FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Nancy Stewart, 202-204-7684
CRN SAYS NEW STUDY ON
OMEGA-3 CONCLUSIONS ARE OVERBLOWN
WASHINGTON, D.C., July 11, 2013—In response to a new study, “Plasma Phospholipid Fatty
Acids and Prostate Cancer Risk in the SELECT Trial,” published yesterday online in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, the Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN), the leading trade association representing the dietary supplement industry, today issued the following statement:
Statement by Duffy MacKay, N.D., vice president, scientific and regulatory affairs, CRN:
“The numerous benefits of omega-3 fatty acids from foods (like salmon and sardines) and dietary supplements are well-established for men and women in all stages of life—and this new study does not change those recommendations about the importance of this nutrient. Hundreds of studies over the past two decades have shown omega-3 fatty acids to have positive effects associated with cardiovascular health, perinatal health, inflammation, cognitive function, or cancer. Collectively, this body of research serves as the basis for numerous recommendations from respected organizations, scientific boards and healthcare practitioners that Americans get omega-3 fatty acids in their diets.
While we encourage researchers to continue to study omega-3 fatty acids with an open mind, it is counterproductive when studying nutrition for researchers to promote their study as if it were the only piece of research that counts. In this case in particular, it is especially disingenuous for the researchers to make the kinds of assertions we’ve seen in the press, given their results are in stark contrast to previous epidemiologic studies1 that not only demonstrate no correlation between omega-3 consumption through fish and/or supplementation and the risk of prostate cancer, but in many cases also showed a protective effect against prostate cancer.
Further, the researchers were quick to blame dietary supplements even though there is no evidence that anybody in this study took fish oil dietary supplements. In fact, the study
demonstrates no cause and effect; it can only purport to show an association between higher plasma levels of omega-3 fatty acids and those whom the researchers advise had an increased rate of prostate cancer.
One should also consider whether this study could have simply been measuring a biomarker reflecting recent intake of fish or fish oil supplements in a group of high risk cancer patients that had been told to increase their EPA and DHA levels, as compared to a group of non-cancer patients that had not been told to consume more EPA and DHA. Plasma levels of EPA and DHA reflect very recent intake and are considered a poor biomarker of long term omega-3 intake especially when compared to red blood cell levels, which reflect medium term intake. A single fish oil dose (or hearty serving of fish at lunch) results in >100 percent increase in plasma
CRN SAYS NEW STUDY ON OMEGA-3 CONCLUSIONS ARE OVERBLOWN Page 2 omega-3 levels. So looking at plasma levels in healthy and sick people may only provide insight into the recent habits of these individuals.
Additionally, the study’s conclusions are also limited by the fact that the study was not designed to evaluate the question the researchers sought to confirm.
The American Heart Association, the World Health Organization (WHO), the U.S. Institute of Medicine’s Food Nutrition Board (IOM FNB) and the 2010 Dietary Guidelines all have current policies advising Americans to eat more fatty fish to get the benefits of omega-3 fish oils. It is highly unlikely this one study will change that advice. Omega-3s can also be obtained by taking one of the many supplement products on the market. For those consumers who have concerns about prostate cancer or other questions about omega-3 fatty acids, we recommend speaking with your doctor or other healthcare practitioner.”
Berquin IM, Min Y, Wu R et al. Modulation of prostate cancer genetic risk by omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. J Clin Invest 2007; 117: 1866–75
Wang MT, Honn KV, Nie D. Cyclooxygenases, prostanoids, and tumor progression. Cancer Metastasis Rev 2007;
Terry P, Lichtenstein P, Feychting M, Ahlbom A, Wolk A. Fatty fish consumption and risk of prostate cancer. Lancet 2001; 357: 1764–6
Chavarro JE et al. A 22-y prospective study of fish intake in relation to prostate cancer incidence and mortality. Am J Clin Nutr 2008; 88: 1297–303.
Augustsson, K., et al., A prospective study of intake of fish and marine fatty acids and prostate cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 12(1): p. 64-7, 2003.
Szymanski KM, Wheeler DC, Mucci LA. Fish consumption and prostate cancer risk: a review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Nov;92(5):1223-33.
Leitzmann MF, Stampfer MJ, Michaud DS, et al. Dietary intake of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids and the risk of prostate cancer. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Jul;80(1):204-16.
Ritchie JM, Vial SL, Fuortes LJ, Robertson LW, Guo H, Reedy VE, Smith EM.Comparison of proposed frameworks for grouping polychlorinated biphenyl congener data applied to a case-control pilot study of prostate cancer. Environ Res. 2005 May;98(1):104-13.
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Note to Editor: The Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN), founded in 1973, is a Washington, D.C.-based trade association representing 100+ dietary supplement manufacturers, ingredient suppliers, and companies providing services to those manufacturers and suppliers. In addition to complying with a host of federal and state regulations governing dietary supplements in the areas of manufacturing, marketing, quality control and safety, our manufacturer and supplier members also agree to adhere to additional voluntary guidelines as well as to CRN’s Code of Ethics. Visit www.crnusa.org and www.lifesupplemented.org.
Positive results: Taking vitamin supplements can sometimes yield real health benefits
Vitamin B for brain function
TRY: Solgar Megasorb Vitamin B Complex http://feelhealthy.co.za/products-page/solgar/megasorb-vitamin-b-complex/
THE EVIDENCE: All eight B vitamins are involved in a whole host of bodily functions, from controlling metabolism to the production of red blood cells.
The Oxford Project to Investigate Memory and Ageing (OPTIMA) found that tablets containing Vitamin B12 and B6, and folic acid slowed shrinkage of the brain by an average of 30 per cent a year in patients with possible early stage dementia.
THE DOSE: It’s early stage research, but they suggest 500micrograms of B12, 20 milligrams of B6, and 800 micrograms of folic acid daily. These are quite high doses so you may need to buy separate supplements.
Multivitamin for male fertility
TRY: Goodhealth Mens Multi Plus http://feelhealthy.co.za/products-page/good-health/mens-multi-plus/
THE EVIDENCE: Much has been written about antioxidants in preventing cancer but the real news is the emerging evidence that they can improve male fertility.
Trials have shown that men who took a combination of oral antioxidants – including vitamins C and E, zinc, selenium, folate, L-carnitine and carotenoids – showed an improvement in either sperm quality or pregnancy rate in their partners after taking the supplements. Experts are yet to understand their importance in sperm quality.
THE DOSE: There is much debate about exact doses that produce the best effects but research suggests doses in the region of: Vitamin C 1000mg, Vitamin E 400-600mg, selenium 100-225micrograms, B-carotene 30mg, L-carnitine 2g. However, it’s easier to simply take one of the tablets specifically designed to help conception.
Fish oil for mental health
TRY: The Other Option Omega Up http://feelhealthy.co.za/products-page/the-other-option/omega-up/
THE EVIDENCE: There’s a surprising amount of research supporting the use of fish oils in patients with conditions ranging from depression to schizophrenia.
Experts do not fully understand how omega-3 fatty acids help reduce the symptoms of mental disorders but it is thought it helps the neurons (brain cells) communicate more efficiently.
THE DOSE: If you suffer depression or other mental illness you should take one to three grams of omega 3 daily, but speak to your GP if you are on blood-thinning medication.
Fish oils can help reduce symptoms connected with conditions ranging from depression to schizophrenia
Zinc for beating colds
TRY: Solgar Zinc Picolinate http://feelhealthy.co.za/products-page/solgar/zinc-picolinate-22mg-tabs/
THE EVIDENCE: Zinc is involved in making white blood cells, which help the body to fight colds. I advise elderly patients to take Vitamin C with zinc supplements in the winter as while one fights infection, the other helps heal.
THE DOSE: One tablet contains 22mg. Take daily throughout winter as a preventative or as soon as symptoms begin and until they subside.
Vitamin D for strong bones
TRY: Goodhealth Vitamin D http://feelhealthy.co.za/products-page/good-health/vitamin-d3-1000iu/
THE EVIDENCE: Numerous studies have found that elderly adults who take Vitamin D supplements have stronger bones. Many orthopaedic surgeons recommend supplements to those recovering from fractures.
This is because Vitamin D helps regulate the amount of bone-building calcium and phosphate in the body.
A recent review of all the scientific literature published about Vitamin D also suggested that it might reduce the risk of developing certain cancers, heart disease and diabetes in later life, too.
THE DOSE: If you are aged over 65 you should take a supplement of 10 micrograms (1000iu) each day.
Studies show people who take Vitamin D supplements have stronger bones
Ginkgo Biloba for sharp memory
TRY: Solgar Ginko Biloba http://feelhealthy.co.za/products-page/solgar/ginko-biloba-leaf-extract-60-vegicaps/
Ginkgo is a type of tree that produces fan-shaped leaves which have been used for thousands of years in traditional Chinese medicine.
THE DOSE: A trial in 2010 found that just 240mg a day was significantly superior to a placebo in treating memory problems.
Vitamin C for speedy healing
TRY: Solgar Ester C http://feelhealthy.co.za/products-page/solgar/ester-c-plus-tablets-1000mg/
THE EVIDENCE: Countless studies tried to prove Vitamin C fights colds but only found it offers little assistance. However, Vitamin C is vital for skin growth and cell regeneration as it is involved in the production of collagen, a key component of skin. A surgeon I once worked with insisted that all his patients took a supplement post-operatively.
His reasoning was that as Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin – meaning that the body cannot store it – we need a ready supply, especially when the body is trying to rebuild tissue.
THE DOSE: Take 1000 mg of Vitamin C daily while your wounds heal.
Folic acid for pregnancy
TRY: Solgar Prenatal Nutrients http://feelhealthy.co.za/products-page/solgar/prenatal-nutrients-60-tabs/
THE EVIDENCE: Folic acid (Vitamin B9) is one supplement that every woman should know about. It has been consistently shown to be of benefit in pregnant women to help reduce the risk of neural tube defects, such as spina bifida.
THE DOSE: Take 400iu daily as soon as you begin planning a child, and continue for the first three months of pregnancy, when the baby’s spine is growing.
Health boost: Folic acid is of benefit to pregnant women and helps reduce the risk of neural tube defects, such as spina bifida
Garlic for heart health
TRY: Himalaya Garlic http://feelhealthy.co.za/products-page/himalaya-herbal/garlic/
THE EVIDENCE: Since reading up on the evidence for garlic, I’ve taken a tablet every day. The University of Maryland has found that it boosts circulation, reduces cholesterol and blood pressure by eight per cent as well as slowing atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) and reducing the risk of cancer.
Although the benefits are slight in each area, when taken overall, it has a potent effect.
THE DOSE: Up to 900mg per day has been shown to be beneficial.
Ginger for nausea
THE EVIDENCE: Ginger has been used for hundreds of years as a traditional remedy for sickness but there’s actually good evidence that it works. It’s particularly useful in the nausea associated with morning sickness.
A study carried out by the University of Adelaide in Australia found ginger as effective as anti-nausea medication in pregnant women.
Ginger for an upset stomach may seem so obvious it’s a cliche but studies have shown that it may help with post-operative nausea, chemotherapy-induced nausea and sea sickness.
THE DOSE: Just one gram daily of fresh ginger is enough to have an effect. Or take a supplement as needed, following the directions on the bottle.
Green tea for fur-free veins
TRY: Solgar Chinese Green Tea http://feelhealthy.co.za/products-page/solgar/green-tea-leaf-extract-60-vegicaps/
THE EVIDENCE: Japanese research has shown that those who drink green tea regularly have lower total cholesterol levels than those who don’t, although why is not fully understood.
While the effect is small compared with cholesterol-lowering drugs, it can be useful in those with slightly high levels who are trying to reduce their cholesterol levels naturally.
THE DOSE: Just one cup daily is needed to see an effect, or take a daily supplement.
If you and your doctor are concerned about your blood cholesterol levels, there are three medicinal mushrooms that can help lower them naturally. Prescription statin drugs completely inhibit your ability to make cholesterol. Medicinal mushrooms work with your body naturally to reduce your blood cholesterol safely.
Are Statin Drugs Good for Your Health?
If you’re currently taking a prescription statin drug or are thinking about getting on one, there’s something you should know. Stain drugs can have a paradoxical affect. They don’t necessarily lower your cholesterol; they stop your body from making it altogether. This is not beneficial to your health. Contrary to what you’ve been lead to believe, your body needs cholesterol to survive.
Cholesterol is important for things like:
Cholesterol is a precursor to bile acids. Without adequate levels, your body cannot produce bile sufficiently enough to digest food and regulate your blood sugar levels.
Memory and cholesterol are closely linked. Your brain contains about 25 percent of your body’s total blood cholesterol. If you don’t have sufficient amounts, it affects the way the neurons in your brain fire, causing cognitive impairment.
Scientific studies have proven that critically-low cholesterol levels are a direct cause of violent, suicidal, and homicidal behavior. A study of Finnish males concluded that low levels of blood cholesterol were linked to the development of conduct disorders and anti-social behavior.
According to a study published by The Journal of Korean Medical Science, low cholesterol, not high, leads to the development of cardiovascular disease. For example, 1 in 4 Americans are on some type of statin drug yet heart disease is still a primary killer. Given these odds, your best bet is to find safer methods of lowering your total blood cholesterol.
What are Medicinal Mushrooms?
Medicinal mushrooms are called “functional foods” because they provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition.
Medicinal mushrooms are a functional food. This means they serve a purpose beyond simple nutrition. Medicinal mushrooms have been used for centuries to treat a wide variety of ailments. Hippocrates, the “Father of Medicine”, used medicinal mushrooms for their powerful immune-boosting properties. Naturally-occurring polysaccharides, called beta-glucans, enhance your immune system’s natural killer cells, which protects you from the development of a multitude of chronic diseases, including cancer.
Lower Your Blood Cholesterol Levels Naturally With Mushrooms
When it comes to lowering cholesterol levels naturally with medicinal mushrooms, you have several options. Three out of the “chosen five” work well to accomplish this.
Reishi mushrooms are ranked as the most superior of medicinal mushrooms. Reishi delays the degenerative process and enhances your overall vitality. It reduces cholesterol build-up on your arterial walls, which prevents heart attack and stroke. It also helps improve your blood circulation, which improves your overall cardiovascular health.
Cordyceps reduces your cholesterol levels, boosts your immune system, and builds up your stamina for better endurance. Not only will it lower your blood cholesterol levels naturally, it will also improve your exercise ability and performance. Plus, this particular mushroom acts as a natural aphrodisiac, so your love life will improve as well.
Shiitake mushrooms are a great medicinal mushroom choice for diabetics. It moderates your blood sugar, improves your metabolism, lowers your cholesterol levels, and promotes the effective excretion of cholesterol. It also improves your endurance and delays muscle fatigue.
Medicinal mushrooms offer your body a type of healing you may have never experienced before. They improve your overall health without the side effects associated with other drugs and remedies. They don’t only treat one condition; they act as an overall health tonic that can be used regularly to boost your immune system, correct imbalances, and return your body to a state of well-being.
View the Medicinal Mushrooms here: http://bit.ly/19NUQid
Natural pain reducing remedies
Instead of popping an aspirin, or taking one of the many pain medications on the market today, you can target pain with natural remedies that cause absolutely no side effects and induce no negative impact on the body. Frequent use of aspirin can cause everything from intestinal bleeding to kidney failure while Ibuprofin can cause gastrointestinal discomfort and heart problems.
So take advantage of these 6 natural pain-reducing remedies.
1. Find Some Good Company – Whenever we bond and communicate with others about how we are feeling, we tend to feel better. People who deal with chronic pain feel better when participating in group therapy, such as simple discussion groups, where others recognize their pain.
2. Laugh It Off – One of the best ways to rewire the pain synapses in the brain is to over-run them with hilarity. A recent British study has proven that when we laugh, opiate-like chemicals are released into the brains, which block the feeling of pain.
3. Eat Some Chile Peppers or Jalapenos – An active component of chili peppers, capsaicin temporarily desensitizes pain-prone skin nerve receptors called C-fibers. This is great news for people who endure chronic since capsaicin can be applied topically as well.
4. Meditate – In a recent study, 80 minutes of meditation was proven to reduce pain better than one of the most powerful pharmaceutical drugs on the market – morphine! Meditation instead of morphine, it works.
5. Juice Some Ginger – Another study shows that ginger is better at reducing pain than Advil or Motrin, and it does so without hurting our cytokines – natural immunity building blocks of the body. This can be especially good news for arthritis sufferers.
6. Spice it up with Turmeric – Turmeric is anti-inflammatory spice, which means it can help reduce the pain response in the body. Aside from that, it is treating cancer and preventing Alzheimer’s disease. If you have joint pain, just 1000 milligrams of Turmeric a day can help it go away.
Based on research studies, the xanthones, chemical compounds found in mangosteen can suppress acute and chronic inflammation, and selectively inhibit COX-2 enzyme without causing any side effects such as gastrointestinal problems. In another paper studying mangosteen’s effect on inflammation, it was noted that xanthones do not interfere with the clotting mechanisms of blood or produce stomach ulcers.
Based on some personal experience, a good number of patients with chronic arthritis were even able to get off or reduce their prescription medication. The results often can be noted as little as a few days to beyond 90 days.
Mangosteen and Arthritis Precaution:
Mangosteen may not offer the cure, it provides the extra energy needed to combat the disease, assists you in reducing the pain and helps you to deal with some of the side effects caused by the drugs. However, there is one catch here, you need time to find out if the supplement works for you. Also, if you are taking prescribed drugs, check with your doctor on any potential interference with the drugs.
•Anti-Inflammatory: Majority of mangosteen benefits will come from its anti-inflammatory effects because it blocks the COX enzymes that are pro-inflammatory without causing any gastrointestinal side effects. The mangosteen helps to reduce the pain and swelling you feel.
•Antioxidant: One of the reasons of getting disease is the degenerative of your particular cells. As you age, the ability to repair the damage at cellular level has declined. In arthritis, this means that your ability to repair the process of the cartilage. Antioxidant works on cellular level to remove these free radicals and helps in your healing process.
•Increase Energy Helps to Combat Arthritis: Appropriate exercise recommended by your physical therapist is highly desirable to improve arthritis. Often, the fear of pain while beginning an exercise program is overwhelming. Mangosteen juice supplement helps support the energy required and for the modulation for pain and anxiety.
To view mangosteen juice and puree please see the links below:
- Combat Diabetes
Chia is being studied as a potential natural treatment for type-2 diabetes because of its ability to slow down digestion. The gelatinous coating chia seeds develops when exposed to liquids-can also prevent blood sugar spikes.
- Get More Fibre
Just a 28-gram or one-ounce serving of chia has 11 grams of dietary fibre — about a third of the recommended daily intake for adults. Adding some chia to your diet is an easy way to make sure you’re getting a good amount of fibre, which is important for digestive health.
- Stock Up On Omega-3
Chia seeds are packed with omega-3 fatty acids, with nearly five grams in a one-ounce serving. These fats are important for brain health. “There’s better conversion of omega 3s into the plasma or into the food than with flax seed,” said researcher Wayne Coates.
- Stronger Teeth And Bones
A serving of chia seeds has 18 per cent of the recommended daily intake for calcium, which puts your well on your way to maintaining bone and oral health, and preventing osteoporosis.
- Don’t Forget Manganese
Manganese isn’t a well-known nutrient, but it’s important for our health: it’s good for your bones and helps your body use other essential nutrients like biotin and thiamin. One serving of chia seeds, or 28 grams, has 30 per cent of your recommended intake of this mineral.
- Plenty Of Phosphorus
With 27 per cent of your daily value for phosphorus, chia seeds also helps you maintain healthy bones and teeth. Phosphorus is also used by the body to synthesize protein for cell and tissue growth and repair.
- Pack In The Protein
Chia seeds also make a great source of protein for vegetarians and don’t have any cholesterol. One 28-gram serving of these super seeds has 4.4 grams of protein, nearly 10 per cent of the daily value.
- Fight Belly Fat
Chia’s stabilizing effect on blood sugar also fights insulin resistance which can be tied to an increase in belly fat, according to Live Strong. This type of resistance can also be harmful for your overall health.
- Get Full. Faster
Tryptophan, an amino acid found in turkey, is also found in chia seeds. While tryptophan is responsible for that strong urge to nap after a big Thanksgiving dinner for example, it also helps regulate appetite, sleep and improve mood.
- Improve Heart Health
According to the Cleveland Clinic, chia seeds have been shown to improve blood pressure in diabetics, and may also increase healthy cholesterol while lowering total, LDL, and triglyceride cholesterol. All good news for your ticker!
If you’re cooking a curry this evening, you might want to sprinkle in some extra turmeric. Research is showing what countries such as India and Sri Lanka have long known – that this yellow spice has more benefits than boosting food flavour. Used for more than 4000 years to treat a variety of ailments, curcumin – the active ingredient in turmeric – could potentially ward off dementia and prevent cancer.
According to the World Alzheimer’s Report 2009, 3.6 per cent of South Asians over the age of 60 suffer from dementia, compared with 6.4 per cent of Australasians and 7.2 per cent of Western Europeans. Similarly, the World Health Organization says that cancer rates in India are considerably lower than those in more developed countries such as the US.
But is it turmeric that’s having this effect? Cancer researcher Ralph W. Moss believes so. He says turmeric is a natural anti-inflammatory, it inhibits the growth of new blood vessels in tumours and it’s a powerfulantioxidant.But before you start gulping it by the spoonful, Aloysa Hourigan, Nutrition Australia senior nutritionist, says it’s not that simple. “Curcumin is just one antioxidant, and it might have some function, but I don’t think there’s one super thing that’s going to fix everything.
Also, a lot of the studies have been done on animals and test tubes, so from a western medicine point of view the evidence is not strong enough. But it’s been used in Chinese and Indian medicine for a long time, so it may well have some benefit.” While more testing is needed, here are seven potential health reasons to start sprinkling away.
1. Wards off Alzheimer’s disease
Researchers believe that curcumin’s antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties may be strong enough to break down the amyloid plaques in the brain that contribute to Alzheimer’s disease. “If the blood vessels remain less clogged, then certain parts of the brain might be fed more easily with oxygen and that would keep the brain functioning better,” explains Hourigan. The Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center at the University of California is currently planning clinical human trials.
2. Helps to prevent cancer
In his book, The 150 Healthiest Foods On Earth (Fair Winds), nutritionist Jonny Bowden says there are at least 30 studies showing that curcumin may have an anti-tumour effect, “either reducing the number or size of tumours or the percentage of animals who developed them”.
While more human research is needed, he points to a 2006 study showing that curcumin inhibited the growth of human colon cancer. A New Jersey study found that, when combined with vegetables such as broccoli and cauliflower, it may help treat and prevent prostate cancer.
There are also indications that it may help to prevent breast, skin and pancreatic cancer, childhood leukaemia and multiple myeloma. “While no-one is claiming that turmeric cures cancer, there is plenty of reason to believe it is a useful adjunct to a healthy diet,” says Bowden.
3. Reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes
Curcumin also has a positive effect on cholesterol, says Bowden, and animal studies have shown that it may help lower cholesterol and prevent the build-up of LDL (“bad” cholesterol) in the blood vessels. It could therefore stop the build-up of plaque (atherosclerosis) that can block arteries and cause heart attacks and strokes.
4. Combats inflammatory diseases
Turmeric’s natural anti-inflammatory qualities mean it may work as well as some anti-inflammatory medications, without the side effects. Early research shows it may help with inflammation of the eye (uveitis), inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis) and multiple sclerosis.
One study, using a formula which contained turmeric, showed it reduced the pain and disability associated with osteoarthritis, but it hasn’t been studied on its own yet.
5.Fights colds and flu
Preliminary studies show that turmeric may help reduce the severity of bacterial and viral infections.
6. Helps indigestion and weight loss
Curcumin stimulates the gallbladder and produces bile. Because bile helps digest fat, experts believe this improves digestion and may help control weight. At least one study found it treats indigestion, reducing symptoms of bloating and gas.
7. Assists diabetes sufferers
Turmeric may improve glucose control or insulin activity; in animal research it was shown to cause blood sugar levels to drop. If you add turmeric to your diet, Hourigan suggests monitoring your blood sugars. When combined with diabetes medication, it may cause levels to drop too low, resulting in hypoglycaemia.
If you are looking to supplement Turmeric, try Bio-Curcumin.
Absorption of Bio-Curcumin® is up to seven times greater and it retains twice as long in the blood (8 hours vs 4 hours) than conventional 95% Curcumin extract. This has been confirmed via Human clinical studies. This breakthrough formulation is the most effective and affordable way to supplement with curcumin.
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References: body and soul . com